primarily Garage Floor Epoxy
There are many kinds of floor epoxy paints - What epoxy (garage) floor paint to use
Best Epoxy Floor Paint - garage floor epoxy paint systems
epoxy garage floor paint application
So what is the difference between epoxy paint and epoxy floor paint? PLENTY. Welcome Floor Epoxy 101 ....
The 'homeowner' DIY garage epoxy paint industry has exploded - just google that topic! Folks with not coating or epoxy training or experince have jumped into the market. Technical knowledge has been replace with slick marketing for folks who know almost nothing about that they write about. And its not what they tell you the is sort of shaking, it's what they don't tell you. There are water borne (water based) floor epoxies and much thicker solvent free floor epoxy paints. There are good and bad things about both, but may DIY epoxy floor vendors only present their positive side (i.e. coverage issues, etc.).
Water based epoxies are used only for floors as they must be applied in open area where the water can evaporate away. They go on thin, dry thinner and do not hide flaws in the floor. They have a working time of hours.
Solvent fre epoxy floor paints go on thick and dry or cure the same thickness. If you hide a flaw in the cement it will not reappear as the epoxy cures. You need to work in 20 minute batches as this kind of epoxy sets up quickly.
Floor epoxies with some solvent (high solids epoxies) generally behave more like the solvent free floor epoxies.
There are many ways of applying colored chips to your epoxy floor. The most basic is to just toss them onto the wet epoxy. More professional approach is to apply them into an intermediate middle coat of clear epoxy or clear poly. Epoxies yellow so a clear poly with UV blockers as a final top coat is recommended.
So what is the difference between a solvent free floor epoxy paint and a 'regular' epoxy paint? The regular epoxy paint will have gelling agents (thixotrophic agents) which help it 'hang' on vertical surfaces. Floor paints and floor epoxies do not have these thixo agents and thus are easily flow and self level. That's good on floors but bad on walls.
For more detail and specifics check out this floor epoxy paint index of web sites - CLICK HERE and a master index of Epoxy Floor internet links
Hi, - BULK ORDERING - ANY AMOUNT OVER 15 GALLONS - CALL NUMBER
Just wanted to say Thanks for the great product (Industrial Floor Epoxy) and service on my Garage floor project. It set up great and once I got the nak for Pot Life times, I was off and running laying down the mixture!!
I should have taken before and after photos but it really came out great and most important, I can see the strength of the Epoxy as a protective
barrier. I look forward to winter now with all it's wrath! This time I'm ready!
Hope to be in touch soon for other projects.
product by calling 603-435-7199
anytime or order online using this link: EPOXY NOW
Reasons for coating failures
- BULK ORDERING - ANY AMOUNT OVER 15 GALLONS - CALL NUMBER ABOVE
from tax free New Hampshire -- CLICK HERE
Click Here to access the Professor's
Epoxy Help Web Site
Help from the Granite State of New Hampshire .
Why You Don't Want, Or Need,
A Cycloaliphatic Epoxy Floor Paint
The Benefits of Solvent Free Epoxies
(zero VOC - 100% solids)
(Same for epoxy paints and epoxy floor paints - see differences between)
* A smooth non-porous, cleanable with strong cleaners surface (thus antimicrobial - mold and mildew resistant) and great for children's play rooms, bathrooms, showers etc.). Thus common in garage, shops, labs, trailers, etc.
* Solvent free epoxies little or no odor and no solvents to fill the air (great news for allergy and asthma prone during application)
* Wet thickness equals dry thickness (and it is a thick coating to start with) - so equal in thickness to many coats of 'regular' paint.
* Thick and self leveling it fills and hides small chips, depressions, cracks etc. Fill them during application and they will not reappear when the epoxy cures.
DISADVANTAGES - all solvent free epoxies yellow, especially in sunlight --- they will scratch --- they have a surface bond only so they needs a top notch bonding surface to adhere to --- there are MOISTURE DURING CURE issues -- solvent free epoxies have a short pot life (working time during application) - air escaping from concrete can form bubbles in the thick solvent free epoxy (there are ways around this, but you need to be told of this possible issue).
CONSUMER WARNINGS - *** Some questionable epoxy vendors like to imply that only their solvent free epoxy has these benefits, which is not true. *** Some questionable epoxy vendors will compare their solvent free epoxy to other vendor's water based epoxies and solvent based epoxies. These are unfair comparisons designed to make their products look 'superior.'*** Some questionable vendors will deny their epoxy yellows (water based epoxies have limited yellowing - dark colors don't show yellowing). *** Some vendors will promote 'special epoxies (novolac, cycloaliphatic, flake filled, coal tar, etc.) when they are not necessary for your intended application. *** Some questionable epoxy vendors will 'forget to mention' the potential disadvantages and problems listed above. *** No epoxy vendor can know the condition and suitability of your surface for an epoxy coating, nor can they oversee your surface preparation, and weather/environmental conditions during your DIY epoxy application. So all vendor Warranty documents have a built in escape mechanism and are presented only as marketing tools to get your business. All that an epoxy vendor can actually warranty is that when mixed correctly the product will harden and have the physical properties described in the product data sheet. An honest epoxy vendor will tell you this up-front.
MEMBER - INTERNET EPOXY CONFEDERATION - CLICK HERE
Google Site Search
PARTIAL DATA SHEET
INDUSTRIAL FLOOR EPOXY (tm)
Good Chemical Resistance
Easy 2:1 Mixing Ratio
USDA approved for Incidental Food Contact
This Industrial Floor epoxy is a 100% solids, USDA acceptable (for incidental contact) epoxy flooring
resin designed as a stand alone top coat and as a binder for non-skid surfaces. It is non-blushing and
non-water spotting. It bonds to cold, damp surfaces and is high gloss, self leveling and color stable.
Roll on top coats
Broadcast base and top coats
Binder for mortars
Supports most industrial traffic
Provides an easy non skid surface
Good chemical resistance
Convenient 2 to 1 ratio by volume
Tenacious bond to most substrates
USDA acceptable for incidental contact
Environmentally safe, solvent free system
Viscosity at 72°F:
Part A: 650 cps
Part B: 350 cps
Mixed: 500 cps
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ........... ASTM D695 12,000 psi
TENSILE STRENGTH ..................... ASTM D638 3,900 psi
ELONGATION AT BREAK ............. ASTM D638 7.00%
CS-17 WHEEL, 1 kg LOAD ............. ASTM D4060 0.10gm loss
WATER ABSORPTION .................. ASTM D570 0/07%
(2 hour boil)
FLEXURAL STRENGTH ................. ASTM D790 7,800 psi
SHORE D HARDNESS .................. ASTM D2240 89
HEAT DISTORTION ....................... ASTM D649 122°F
BOND STRENGTH TO ................... 100% Concrete failure
APPLICATION RATE ..................... 115 sq. ft./gal (175 sq. ft./gallon and a half kit)
COLORS .......................................... Gray and beige
|FIND COMPLETE DATA SHEET AND MSDS - CLICK HERE|
Internet Boating /Boat Building Related Links - CLICK HERE
Internet Floor Coating / Floor Epoxy Links - CLICK HERE
Teflon (tm), graphite, copper powder, MIO - CLICK HERE
|NEW Epoxy Floor/ Deck non slip coating. Check out the 8 oz test kit of Rough Coat (tm) - a tan colored solvent based epoxy floor coating with non slip grit already mixed in. Standard unit size is one gallon which covers about 160 sf. Texture is suitable for bare feet. Use on boat decks, garage floors, shower areas etc. CLICK HERE to see catalog page .|
BIG list of internet links for: FLOOR EPOXY PAINTS - GARAGE FLOOR COATINGS
BIG list of internet links for: EPOXY BOAT BUILDING - REPAIR - MARINE EPOXIES - BLISTER FIXES - BARRIER COATS
BIG list of internet links for: EPOXY REPAIRS - ROT - LEAKS - PIPE REPAIR - UNDERWATER REPAIRS
BIG list of internet links for: EPOXY BASICS - GETTING STARTED WITH EPOXIES - EPOXY 101
DID YOU KNOW...
Epoxy coatings are used because of
their outstanding chemical resistance, durability, low porosity and
strong bond strength.
Epoxies consist of a ‘base' and a ‘curing' agent. The two components are mixed in a certain ratio. A chemical
reaction occurs between the two parts generating heat (exotherm) and hardening the mixture into an inert, hard
Epoxies yellow, chalk (or more commonly least lose their gloss), in direct sunlight (UV). The yellowing can be a real problem. For pigmented epoxies select colors that are dark or contain a lot of yellow (such as green). Even clear epoxies will yellow and cloud up. Often epoxies are top coated with latex or urethanes that will retain their color and attractive gloss. This is particularly true if color coding or matching company colors is important.
Epoxies will harden in minutes or hours, but complete cure (hardening) will generally take several days. Most epoxies will be suitably hard within a day or so, but may require more time to harden before the coating can be sanded.
By their nature, epoxies are hard and brittle. Additives can be added to epoxies that make them less brittle, but generally at the loss or reduction of other positive epoxy properties such as chemical resistance.
Other clues of cheap epoxies include ‘induction time' (after mixing the two components the mixture must sit for several minutes to ‘self cook' before being applied).
The best time to recoat epoxy is within about 48 hours after the initial coat. Because epoxies take days to reach full cure, a second coat applied shortly after the first coat will partially fuse to the first coat rather than forming a simple mechanical bond.
End users can thicken epoxy with many things, Tiny glass spheres, known as micro-spheres or micro-balloons are commonly used. Besides thickening, their crushable nature makes sanding the hardened epoxy easier. On the downside, they work like tiny ball bearings, resulting is sagging and slumping. Another thickener is fumed silica (a common brand name is Cabosil (tm)) which looks like fake snow. About 2 parts fumed silica with one part epoxy will produce a mixture similar in texture and thickness to petroleum jelly. Micro-spheres and fumed silica can be combined together.
Fisheyes are areas on a painted surface where the coating literally pulls away for the substrate leaving a coatingless void or fisheye. Often fisheyes are caused by surface contaminants such as a bit of silicon, wax, or oil. I have also seen them on clean plywood where epoxies paints have been used as sealers and the problem might be due to uneven saturation (soaking-in) of the epoxy into the wood. Surface tension plays a big part in fisheyeing. There are some additives that can be mixed into the epoxy that will reduce surface tension. Likewise, on wood, applying several coats of solvent thinned epoxy, instead of one coat of unthinned epoxy, seems to work well. Applying a thick coat of epoxy over a contaminated fisheye surface will bury the fisheye but expect the coating to peel away in the future. As a rule of thumb, always suspect some sort of surface contamination as the primary cause of fisheyeing.
Adding a bit of solvent to a solvent based or solvent-free epoxy is something that most manufacturers would not officially approve of and something that might not work with all epoxies. However, it can be done (unofficially) with the epoxies I deal with. Adding solvent to these epoxies will: 1) thin them out; 2) increase pot life; 3) allows them to flow off the brush/roller a bit more smoothly; and 4) perhaps allows them to ‘soak-in', penetrate, or may be soften, the substrate just a little bit. Not change is visible in the epoxy unless 12% or greater solvent is added. With that amount of solvent, the epoxies no longer cure with a glossy finish.
It is best to use epoxies with a mix ratio close to 1 to 1 as opposed to something 4-1, 5-1, etc. because errors in the mix ratios can be more pronounced with the latter. That said, no matter what the mix ratio is, some epoxies are more forgiving of mix ratio errors than others. One ‘trick' of epoxy vendors with odd or very sensitive mix ratios is to sell calibrated pumps that disperse the epoxy components in exact amounts.
How Thick? How thick should your coating be? Economics play a major role in determining how much coating to apply. One U.S. gallon contains 231 cubic inches. That's only 1.6 cubic square feet of surface at one inch thick and that's also assuming a solvent-free product. If the product is 25% VOC (i.e. 25% solvent) then dry thickness/coverage will be 25% less. Again, assuming a 1/4 inch thick coating (250 mils) maximum coverage will still be only 6.4 square feet per gallon. A solvent-free (100% solids) epoxy coating applied at 16 mils will cover 100 square feet per gallon (note: the wall paint in your office is probably 2-4 mils). While thick coatings sound like a good idea, they use so much product that they must be made very cheaply so that coating 1,000 or 10,000 square feet can still be done at a competitive price. A high quality, fairly expensive product with a coverage rate of 100 sq. feet or more per gallon, on the other hand, will have a low enough cost per sq. foot to provide both economy and top quality.
ONLINE PRODUCT CATALOGS
PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, Inc
of marine catalog section (blue background)
MARINE - CLEAR EPOXIES
Section Two FILLERS THICKENERS ADDITIVES
Section Three THICKENED EPOXIES - EPOXY PUTTIES, ETC.
Section Four EPOXY PAINTS (barrier coats)
Section Five URETHANES AND NON-EPOXY COATINGS
Section Six NON-SKID DECK COATINGS
Section Seven MARINE REPAIR PRODUCTS
Section Eight MISC. MARINE PRODUCTS
MASSIVE BOAT HOW TO - ISSUES - HELP WEB LINK SITE
Residential / Commercial / DIY Catalog
of residential/commercial catalog section (brown background)
Section B FLOOR EPOXIES (regular and non-skid products), SEALERS, ACCESSORIES
Section C THICKENED EPOXIES - EPOXY PUTTIES, ETC.
Section D CLEAR EPOXIES
Section E NON-EPOXY PAINTS COATINGS SEALERS
Section F MIX-IN ADDITIVES
Section G OTHER PRODUCTS
Section H SURFACE PREPARATION PRODUCTS
Section I MISC. ACCESSORIES
Buy Talk Chat Support
EMAIL or 603 435 7199
American manufactured, distributed, and sold epoxies and coatings.
Your business helps small American Family Businesses - Thank You!